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(updated)Hand-Made Streets: The Role of Labor in Making, Installing and Maintaining Street Pavement Prior to the Dominance of Asphalt

Robin B. Williams, Savannah College of Art and Design Table of Contents Street Pavements before Asphalt The Labor of Street Paving Cleaning Streets Heritage Work Notes Introduction The paving of streets with macadam, blocks or bricks represented a vital development in the modernization of cities beginning in the nineteenth century. It also represented the product of […]

(Updated) The Labor of Transport of the Messengers of the Nations of the University of Paris in the Fifteenth Century

Martina Hacke, University of Düsseldorf Table of Contents Introduction The labor of transport of the messengers of the nations in the sources The messengers and their labor of transport The hazards of the labor of transport Payment for transport services through privileges Attempts to reduce the privileges of the messengers The founding of the fraternity […]

(updated)African Automobility: Mammy Trucks In Twentieth-Century Ghana

Jennifer Hart, Wayne State University Table of Contents Body work Mammy trucks Training drivers Testing officers Local transport cultures Modern men Trotro a proper car Urbanization and technological change New models, old business Economic crisis and creativity Conclusion References Introduction This exhibit uses a technological object the mammy truck as a framework […]

(updated)Weather Workers: The Unseen Scientific Labor Behind Air Transport

Roger Turner, Science History Institute Table of Contents Knowing Weather Theorizing a ThreeDimensional Atmosphere A Model Airline Weather Service The Weather Man at Washington Meteorological Labor? Pilots Observe the Upper Air The Labor behind Instruments Airline Meteorologists at Work Aviation Meteorologists during World War II Advertising Airline Meteorology Aviation Shapes the TV Weather Report Jet […]

(updated)Restricted Cargo: Chinese Sailors, Shore Leave, And The Evolution Of U.S. Immigration Policies, 1882-1942

Andrew Urban, Rutgers University Table of Contents Immigrant or Sailor? Assigning Legal Status in the Era of Exclusion Asian Labor and Global Shipping During the Long Nineteenth Century Wages, Nativism, and Chinese Seamen Regulating and Policing Sailors Shore Leave Intermediaries: Brokers, Bondsmen, and Other Service Providers AntiChinese Activism in San Francisco and Great Britain: Shared […]

People-Works: The Labor of Transport, An Introduction

Editor’s Introduction What would the history of transportation look like if the stories were about people rather than machines? About the constant presence of human power instead of the rise, expansion, and decline of transportation networks? The exhibits that follow tell the histories of the people without whom transportation systems would not function. From brick […]

People-Works: Contributors

The Contributors Martina Hacke Martina Hacke researches the history of the University of Paris, and the history of communication (messengers, envoys) in the Middle Ages. Jennifer Hart Jennifer Hart is an Associate Professor of History at Wayne State University, where she teaches courses in African History, Digital History, History Communication, and World History. Her 2016 […]

People-Works: Media Metadata Inventories

Below you will find all of the Media Metadata Inventories for each of the articles organized by the last name of the author. These files are essential to showing the rights permissions and sources of each of the pieces of media displayed in this online exhibit. The inventories are saved as spreadsheets and provide a […]